Tirupati is a major pilgrimage and cultural city in the Chittoor district.It is the largest city in the Rayalaseema region of the Indian state Andhra Pradesh.It is located at the foothills of the Eastern Ghats, 550 kilometres south of Hyderabad. Tirupati is famous for the richest temple, dedicated to Lord Venkateswara,located about 20 kilometres,north west of Tirupati in the Tirumala hills at an elevation of 853 metres (2,799 ft). One of the most important pilgrimage centers in the World, the temple draws millions of pilgrims and is the busiest pilgrimage centre in the world. Tirupati City itself has several temples and is famous for its red wooden toys, copper and brass idols. Also, the city is a major economical and educational hub in the southern region of the state. Tirupati is also the largest Metropolitan city in Rayalaseema and Southern Andhra Pradesh, and is the 5th largest city in terms of stand-alone city basis. Language and culture Telugu is widely spoken here and it is also the official language of the City. Tamil is also spoken by few in this city due to its proximity towards Tamil Nadu & Chennai. Most of the temples in Tirupati have been built using Dravidian architecture. Most of the inscriptions in the temple complex are predominantly in Tamil language and there are also few Telugu language inscriptions. Hinduism is the major religion here. Dhoti(Veshti/Panche/Mundu) and Sari(Cheera) are traditional attire of people here. Practices of tonsure and using tilaka are very popular among devotees of Lord Venkateswara. Songs and prayers of Lord Venkateswara are generally heard all over the town. Tourist attractions Akasha Ganga in Tirumala Waterfall in Tirumala Museum in Tirumala There are many temples in Tirupati and Tirumala. Some of them are: Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu as Venkateswara (also known as Balaji and Srinivasa) attracts followers from a wide range of Hindu traditions. Alamelu Mangamma Shrine in Alamelumangapuram also called Thiruchanoor Padmavati Temple Govindaraja Swamy Temple Kodanda Rama Swamy Temple: Lord Rama, Sita and Lakshmana are the presiding deities of the temple. Lord Anjaneya Swamy is seen near the foot of Lord Rama. The temple is in the heart of the city. There is also another temple dedicated to Lord Anjaneya Swamy opposite to Kodhanda Rama Swamy Temple. Prasadams are offered daily to pilgrims. Srinivasa Mangapuram:This temple is dedicated to Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy (married Venkateswara Swamy). According to the mythology, Venkateswara swamy, after getting married, stayed in this place for about six months and then walked to Tirumala. Kapila Theertham: This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Parvati. There is a beautiful waterfall near the temple. ISKCON Lord Krishna Temple – The temple has its own style of architecture with the towers coloured in gold and white. The carvings of Lord Narasimha Swamy, Lord Varaha Swamy and Krishna Leela are marvelous. Glass painting works on the windows depicting Lord Krishna's playful acts and the ceilings decorated like Tanjore art reveals the colourful masterpiece in art work. Each pillar is decorated with ten avatars of Lord Vishnu. The temple inside the sanctum has Lord Krishna with beautifully dressed Gopis. There is a beautiful park surrounded with lot of flowers, ponds, fountains and with Krishna Leela idols. The temple is on the way to Tirumala Hills. Lord Shiva temple at Yogimallavaram, near to Tirupati is very old and is very famous. Hanuman temple at Tirumala is where Hanuman's mother Anjana did penance. Avanakshamma temple – 42 km from Tirupati Sri Venugopala Swamy Temple in Karvetinagaram, 40 km from Tirupati Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple – Narayanavanam, 48 km from Tirupati Sri Prasanna Venkateswara Swamy Temple – Appalayagunta, 20 km from Tirupati Parasurameswara Temple – Gudimallam, 20 km from Tirupati. Though a small village, historically it is very important, because it has a beautiful Siva Temple which is popularly known as "the Parasurameswara Temple." The main importance of the temple lies in the Linga which is housed in the Garbhagriha of the temple. This is supposed to be the earliest Linga discovered so far and it has been assigned to the 2nd or 1st century BC. The name of the temple is mentioned as Parasurameswara Temple in the inscriptions. There is also another small temple for Lord Vishnu. The place is on the foothills of Tirumala. Giant Nandikeshwara statue is seen at the entrance of the temple. There is a rock garden in Tirumala called Shilatoranam. Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park is the second of its kind in the Andhra Pradesh. It has many species of animals and plants which are being conserved. Nearly 10 to 15 tigers are present in this zoo. Regional Science Center is a science center with a planetarium.Tirupati is a major pilgrimage and cultural city in the Chittoor district.It is the largest city in the Rayalaseema region of the Indian state Andhra Pradesh.It is located at the foothills of the Eastern Ghats, 550 kilometres (340 mi) south of Hyderabad,the capital of the state, 250 kilometres (160 mi) east of Bangalore,65 kilometres (40 mi) from Chittoor, and 150 kilometres (93 mi) north of Chennai. Tirupati City itself has several temples and is famous for its red wooden toys, copper and brass idols.Also, the city is a major economical and educational hub in the southern region of the state. Tourist attractions Akasha Ganga in Tirumala Waterfall in Tirumala Museum in Tirumala There are many temples in Tirupati and Tirumala. Some of them are: Tirumala Venkateswara Temple Alamelu Mangamma Shrine in Alamelumangapuram also called Thiruchanoor Padmavati Temple Govindaraja Swamy Temple Kodanda Rama Swamy Temple Srinivasa Mangapuram Kapila Theertham ISKCON Lord Krishna Temple Lord Shiva temple at Yogimallavaram, near to Tirupati is very old and is very famous. Hanuman temple at Tirumala is where Hanuman's mother Anjana did penance. Avanakshamma temple Sri Venugopala Swamy Temple Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple Sri Prasanna Venkateswara Swamy Temple(Appalayagunta) Parasurameswara Temple Kanipakam Srikalahasti Vellore Golden Temple
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