Mumbai was originally built on an archipelago of seven islands, namely Bombay Island, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli and Old Woman's Island (Little Colaba).The region was ruled by dynasties like Satavahanas, Konkan Mauryas and Rashtrakutas, from the 2nd to 9th century BC. The islands came under the control of the Silharas (810 to 1260), King Bhimdev (1261 to 1346), and the Delhi Sultanate (1347 to 1407). An independent Gujarat Sultanate governed the islands from 1407 onwards. Bahadur Khan Gilani of the Bahamani Sultanate tried to establish control over the islands in 1493, but failed. During the European rule, Sultan Bahadur Shah of the Gujarat Sultanate signed the Treaty of Bassein with the Portuguese on 23 December, 1534. Control over the seven islands of Bombay, along with Bassein and its dependencies, was thereafter surrendered to the Portuguese on 25 October, 1535. The British Empire took possession of most islands on 11 May, 1661, after the marriage treaty of Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza. After Baji Rao was defeated by the British East India Company in 1817, Deccan was incorporated in the Bombay Presidency. The seven islands were coalesced into a single landmass by the Hornby Vellard project and were made the capital of the Presidency. Post independence, the territory was restructured into Bombay State. In the 1950s, the Samyukta Maharashtra movement was initiated to create the state of Maharashtra. On 1 May, 1960, the state was reorganised on linguistic lines, and was named Maharashtra State with Bombay as its capital. Bombay became Mumbai in the year 1995
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