Bangalore or Bengaluru, popularly known as the Silicon Valley of India, is the capital city of the South Indian state of Karnataka. Situated on the Deccan Plateau, in the south-eastern part of the state, the city experiences a moderate climate. Bengaluru derives its name from the Kannada words ‘benda kalluru’, which means the land of boiled beans. According to legend, Veera Ballara, the Hoysala king, once lost his way during a hunting expedition. Wandering around, he met an old lady who gave him boiled beans to eat. In order to show his gratitude, he named the place, Benda Kalluru. Bangalore, as we know it today, was formed by Kempe Gowda. Formerly, Bangalore was ruled by a number of rulers and dynasties, including the Vijayanagara Empire and Tipu Sultan. A number of temples and monuments, which were built in the earlier days, are still a part of the city’s landscape. Major towns and subdivisions were formed during various rules. The city was sold to the rulers in Mysore in the earlier days and was later in the hands of the British whose rule continued till Independence.
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