Being under the rule of several rulers and dynasties, the city has a rich historical and cultural background. Muhammad of Ghori captured the city in 1192 and he was overthrown by Timur in 1398. The first battle of Panipat in 1526 saw the handover of Delhi from the Lodhis to the Mughals, when Babur established the Mughal Empire. The city then came under the British rule in 1803. Later, Delhi became the capital of the British who shifted to the city from Calcutta in 1911, and finally the capital city of modern India in 1947. New Delhi, the national capital of India, is one of the nine districts of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is the seat of the Government of India. With an area of 47.2 sq km, it is one of the fastest growing cities in the world and was recently rated as a Beta World City. It is bound by the states of Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Delhi has two parts: the old and the new. While Old Delhi is all about alleys, bylanes, Mughal and British architectural structures, New Delhi is home to several offices and modern buildings. Some of the major attractions of the city include the Red Fort, India Gate, Qutub Minar, Jantar Mantar, etc. Other sightseeing options include the Raj Bhavan, Akshardham Temple,Lotus Temple,Parliament House,Raj Ghat as well as several museums.Chandni Chowk, Karolbagh and Connaught Place have emerged as the most sought-after shopping hubs.
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