The Jantar Mantar is a collection of architectural astronomical instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II between 1727 and 1734. Early restoration work on the same was undertaken under the supervision of Major Arthur Garrett, a keen amateur astronomer. The name is derived from jantar, instrument, and Mantar, formula, therefore jantar mantar means literally 'calculation instrument'. Maharaha constructed a total of five such facilities at different locations, including the ones at Delhi and Jaipur. The Jaipur observatory is the largest and best preserved. It has been inscribed on the World Heritage List as "an expression of the astronomical skills and cosmological concepts.
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